16 Forts to explore in Italy
Located in Southern Europe consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands.
The Rocca Albornoziana is a fortress located on the top of the Sant'Elia hill overlooking the city of Spoleto . This is the main bulwark of the system of fortifications built by Pope Innocent VI , to militarily strengthen and make more evident the authority of the Church in the territories of central Italy , in view of the now imminent return of the papal see to Rome after the seventies. about years of stay in Avignon.
The bastion of Saint Remy is one of the most important fortifications in Cagliari, located in the Castello district. The name derives from the first Piedmontese viceroy, Filippo-Guglielmo Pallavicini, baron of Saint Remy. At the end of the 19th century, it was monumentally transformed into a staircase, surmounted by the triumphal arch, which gives access to a covered walkway and a large panoramic terrace.
The Castle of San Giorgio is an ancient Genoese fortification on the high ground of the city of La Spezia called "Colle del Poggio". The castle can be reached via XXVII Marzo which crosses what today remains of the belt of walls erected in the 14th century to defend the city. The castle retained its medieval structure until the mid-fifteenth century when the introduction of artillery imposed the construction of new thick walls, even if of lesser constructive accuracy, with a shoe profile and ch
The fort of Fenestrelle is Europe’s biggest fortified structure and the largest walled construction after the Great Wall of China. A stone colossus that extends for about five kilometers along the hills of the Val Chisone and covers a height difference of almost 700 meters. Fenestrelle Fortress was intended to serve as an impenetrable barrier for Italy in the eighteenth century. It is now one of the major attractions in this area which attracts a lot of tourists.
The fort of Bard is a fortified complex that was rebuilt in the 19th century by the House of Savoy on the rock overlooking the village of Bard, in the Aosta Valley. After a long period of abandonment, the fort has been totally restored with interventions inspired by conservative recovery: it was opened to visitors in January 2006. It currently hosts exhibitions of ancient, modern, contemporary art and photography.
The Forte Belvedere, a common name of the Santa Maria fortress in San Giorgio del Belvedere, is one of two fortresses of Florence, as well as a famous scenic spot and valuable architectural work of the city. Located at the highest point of the Boboli hill, it can be accessed from the San Giorgio coast, via Belvedere or via San Leonardo. Today the fort hosts summertime art exhibitions, which are well worth a peek if only to revel in the sweeping city panorama that can be had from the fort.
Forte Spagnolo is a fortress of the Aquila, built during a grandiose project of military strengthening of the territory that took place during the Spanish domination in southern Italy in the first half of the sixteenth century: never used for purposes war, it was used in the seventeenth century as the residence of the Spanish governor and later as accommodation for French soldiers in the nineteenth century and German soldiers during the last world war, while in 1902 it was declared a national mo
The Priamar di Savona fortress is an imposing military complex that dominates the city center at the port. Built between 1542 and 1544 by the Genoese as part of the interventions aimed at the definitive subjugation of the city of Savona by the "Superba", and extended several times, it takes its name from the hill immediately overlooking the sea on which it stands, where the finds of the first inhabited settlements date back to the Bronze Age.
The fortress of Sarzanello is a military fortification that rises in via alla Fortezza on the hill of Sarzanello, near Sarzana, in the province of La Spezia, and dominates the Val di Magra from above. Its nature and its position make it one of the symbols of the city of Sarzana. Since December 2014, the Ministry for Cultural Heritage and Activities has been managing it through the Liguria Museum Complex, which in December 2019 became the Regional Directorate for Museums.
The fort of San Leo, also known as the fortress of San Leo, is located in the municipality of the same name in the province of Rimini. It is located on the top of the rocky peak that overlooks the town of Leontine and dominates the Valmarecchia. In 2015 it registered 72 617 visitors. Since December 2014, the Ministry for Cultural Heritage and Activities has been managing it through the Emilia-Romagna Museum Complex, which in December 2019 became the Regional Directorate for Museums.
The Rocca del Leone, or medieval fortress, is an interesting irregular pentagonal structure, dominated by a triangular tower 39 meters high; at the corners, four towers fortify the crenelated walls. The fort is located in Castiglione del Lago, in Umbria, on the shores of Lake Trasimeno. The real fortress is constituted by the extreme appendage of the bulwark that encloses the small peninsula on the Trasimeno. The male exercised careful surveillance activities on the lake and the neighboring lan
The Rocca Albornoziana of Narni is a stronghold located in the homonymous city, in southern Umbria. It was built in 1367 for defensive purposes at the behest of Cardinal Egidio Albornoz and is located at 332 m asl. It dominates the town and the valley of the Nera river from a very favorable strategic position. It overlooks, on one side, the Ternana basin, being able to easily control the access roads to Perugia, Amelia, and Terni; on the other side, it faces the SSO, dominating the via Flaminia
The Sanvitale fortress, also known as the castle of Fontanellato, is a manor old medieval entirely surrounded by a moat filled with water, which is in Piazza Matteotti 1 in Fontanellato, in the province of Parma; inside there is the Saletta of Diana and Actaeon, known for the frescoes mannerists of Parmigianino. The castle, entirely surrounded by a moat fed by spring water, develops on a square plan around a central courtyard, with four corner towers, three of which are cylindrical.
The Rocca Paolina is a fortress of the city of Perugia. It was built between 1540 and 1543 at the behest of Pope Paul III and represented, until 1860, the symbol of papal power over the ancient city. inside the fortress, you can also admire the stone remains of the ancient "Giuoco del Pallone", a wooden stadium where this game was played. One of the main attractions in this area which attracts a lot of tourists by its notable architecture.
The Rocca Roveresca of Mondavio is a Renaissance fortification. It represents one of the most important and interesting testimonies of Francesco di Giorgio Martini's military design activity in the Marche. The construction remained unfinished due to the return of the architect Francesco di Giorgio Martini to his native Siena and the subsequent concomitant death of both the client Giovanni della Rovere and the architect.
The Rocchetta Mattei is a fortress located on the northern Apennines, on a hill 407 meters above sea level, in the locality of Savignano in the municipality of Grizzana Morandi, on the state road nº 64 Porrettana, in the metropolitan city of Bologna. Built-in the second half of the 19th century, it mixes different styles in an eclectic way, from medieval to Moorish.