18 Forts to explore in Germany
Country with the largest population in Europe. Stretches from the North and the Baltic Sea in the north to the Alps in the south. It is traversed by some of Europe's major rivers such as the Rhine, Danube and Elbe.
Berwartstein Castle is located on the southern part of the Palatinate Forest. It was one of the rock castles defending Palatinate during the Middle Ages. The stairs, passages and rooms of the castle are carved out of the rock to form parts that are essential to the defence of the castle. The castle has a well that was hacked out of the rock to the bottom of the valley some 104 metres below.
It also called Burgruine Dagstuhl or Burg Dagstuhl. It is a ruined castle on the top of a hill near Wadern town in Saarland, Germany. Knight Boemund of Saarbrücken found the castle sometime before 1290. It overlooks the newer Schloss Dagstuhl (now a computer science research center) in the valley below.
Lahneck Castle is a medieval fortress located in the city of Lahnstein in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. The 13th-century castle stands on a steep rock salient above the confluence of the Lahn River with the Rhine. Lahneck Castle was built in 1226 by the Archbishop of Mainz Siegfried III of Eppstein to protect his territory at the mouth of the Lahn, where the town of Oberlahnstein and a silver mine had come into his possession in 1220.
Trifels Castle is a reconstructed medieval castle at an elevation of 500 m (1,600 ft) near the small town of Annweiler, in tRhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is located above the Queich valley within the Palatinate Forest on one peak of a red sandstone mountain that is split into three. The castle is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate.
A prominent landmark on the left bank of the Main river in Würzburg. The mighty Fortress is a symbol of Würzburg and served as a home of the local prince-bishops for nearly five centuries. The fortress is located on a prominent spur of the 266-metre-high (873 ft) Marienberg which rises about 100 metres over the Main river on the opposite side of the city of Würzburg. Vineyards cover the slopes around the fortress.
Hambach Castle is considered a symbol of the German democracy movement. It is located on the mountain Schlossberg in the eastern outskirts of the Palatine Forest at an elevation of 325m. Archaeological finds shows that the area of Hambach Castle was used in late Roman times.
An extinct volcano with the ruins of a castle on its top. Hohentwiel began forming, along with the chain of volcanoes in the Hegau region, about 7–8 million years ago. Hohentwiel Castle, whose ruins are on top of Hohentwiel, was built in 914 using stone taken from the mountain by Burchard II, Duke of Swabia.
A group of medieval fortified buildings on a sandstone ridge dominating the historical center of Nuremberg. The castle, together with the city walls, is considered to be one of Europe's most formidable medieval fortifications. It represented the power and importance of the Holy Roman Empire and the role of the Imperial City of Nuremberg.
Festung Königstein is a fortress and it’s the largest intact fortress in Germany. The place is distinguished by its magnificent location as it sits on a hill surrounded by nature and overlooks the Elbe River, it has more than 50 buildings spread over 9.5 hectares, some buildings date back 400 years.
The Marksburg is a castle above the town of Braubach in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. The fortress was used for protection rather than as a residence for royal families. A stone keep was built on the spot in 1100 by the Eppstein family and expanded into a castle around 1117 to protect the town of Braubach and to reinforce the customs facilities. In 1283, Count Eberhard of Katzenelnbogen bought it and throughout the 14th and 15th century the high noble counts rebuilt the castle constantly. In 14
Maus Castle is a castle above Wellmich in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It rests on Rhine's eastside, north Katz Castle in Sankt Goarshausen, opposing Rheinfels Castle at Sankt Goar across the river. Construction of the castle was begun in 1356 by Archbishop-Elector of Trier Bohemond II and was continued for the next 30 years by successive Electors of Trier. The construction was to enforce Trier's recently acquired Rhine River toll rights and to secure Trier's borders against the Counts of Katz
19th-century Romanesque Revival palace on a rugged hill above the village of Hohenschwangau. The palace was commissioned by Ludwig II, King of Bavaria as a retreat and in honor of the German composer Richard Wagner. The castle was intended as a home for the king until he died in 1886. It was open to the public shortly after his death. The Castle consists of several individual structures that were erected over a length of 150 meters on top of a cliff ridge. The elongate building is furnished with
Rheinfels Castle is a castle ruin located above the left bank of the Rhine River in Sankt Goar, Germany. It was founded in 1245 by Count Diether V of Katzenelnbogen. The castle was damaged by French Revolutionary Army troops in 1797. It is the largest castle overlooking the Rhine, and historically covered five times its current area. While much of the castle is a ruin, some of the outer buildings now housed a luxury hotel, "wellness" centre, restaurant. and a museum.
Rheinstein Castle was constructed in about 1317. Rheinstein Castle possesses a working drawbridge and portcullis, which are typical of medieval castle architecture. Rheinstein's courtyard is known as the Burgundy Garden after the Burgundy grape vine growing there. The vine, which is approximately 500 years old, still produces grapes.
A Roman fort located on the Taunus's central ridge, northwest Bad Homburg. It is a cohort fort, part of the Limes Germanicus, the Roman linear German provinces border fortification. The fort includes a museum, Saalburg is the most completely reconstructed Roman fort in Germany.