Top 52 attractions to explore in Bavaria
Bavaria has a unique culture, largely because of the state's former Catholic majority and conservative traditions. Bavarians have traditionally been proud of their culture, which includes a language, cuisine, architecture, and festivals. The state also has the second-largest economy among the German states by GDP.
Attractions in Bavaria
Home of German Renaissance artist Albrecht Dürer from 1509 to his death in 1528. It is now a museum dedicated to Dürer's life and work. The house was built around 1420. It has five stories; the bottom two have sandstone walls, while the upper stories are timber-framed; the entire structure is topped by a half-hip roof.
An art museum located in the Kunstareal area in Munich. It is one of the oldest galleries in the world and houses a significant collection of Old Master paintings. The name Alte (Old) Pinakothek refers to the time period covered by the collection—from the fourteenth to the eighteenth century.
Built from 1733 to 1746 by the brothers, sculptor Egid Quirin Asam, and painter Cosmas Damian Asam as their private church. It is considered to be one of the most important buildings of the southern German Late Baroque. The church was built without an order, as a private chapel for the greater glory of God and for the salvation of the builders.
Founded in 1002 by Emperor Heinrich II and consecrated in 1012. After the first two cathedrals burned down in the 11th and 12th centuries, the current structure with four large towers, was built in the 13th century. The church contains many works of art, including the marble tomb of the founder and his wife, the Empress Kunigunde.
One of the most important museums of decorative arts in Europe and one of the largest art museums in Germany. Founded by King Maximilian II of Bavaria in 1855. It houses a large collection of European artifacts from the late antiquity until the early 20th century with particular strengths in the medieval through early modern periods. The collection has been divided into two main groups: the art historical collection and the folklore collection.
First of the Nazi concentration camps opened in 1933, intended to hold political prisoners. After its opening by Heinrich Himmler, its purpose was enlarged to include forced labor, and, eventually, the imprisonment of Jews, German and Austrian criminals, and foreign nationals from countries that Germany occupied or invaded. There were 32,000 documented deaths at the camp and thousands that are undocumented.
A Benedictine monastery in the village of Ettal. The Abbey is one of the largest Benedictine houses and is a major attraction. The monastery runs a brewery, a distillery, a bookstore, an art publishing house, a hotel, a cheese factory joint venture, and several smaller companies.
A prominent landmark on the left bank of the Main river in Würzburg. The mighty Fortress is a symbol of Würzburg and served as a home of the local prince-bishops for nearly five centuries. The fortress is located on a prominent spur of the 266-metre-high (873 ft) Marienberg which rises about 100 metres over the Main river on the opposite side of the city of Würzburg. Vineyards cover the slopes around the fortress.
Because of local height limits, the church towers of Frauenkirche are widely visible in Munich. City administration prohibits buildings with a height exceeding 99 m in the city, and as a result, no buildings may be built in the city over the aforementioned height. The south tower, which is normally open to those wishing to climb the stairs, will offer a unique view of Munich and the nearby Alps after its current renovation is completed. Both the towers are approximately 99 meters in height.
World's oldest social housing complex still in use. Founded in 1516 by Jakob Fugger the Younger(a merchant, mining entrepreneur, and banker) as a place where the needy citizens of Augsburg could be housed. The rent was and is still one Rhenish guilder per year (equivalent to 0.88 euros), as well as three daily prayers for the current owners of the Fuggerei.
Germany's largest museum of cultural history, it houses a large collection of items relating to German culture and art extending from prehistoric times through to the present day. Out of its total holding of some 1.3 million objects, approximately 25,000 are exhibited.
Highest peak of the Bavarian Forest mountain range with an elevation of 1,455.5 metres (4,775 ft). It is known in the Lower Bavarian county of Regen and the Upper Palatine county of Cham as the "King of the Bavarian Forest". Its summit region consists of paragneiss- a type of metamorphic rock. Two buildings owned by the German Air Force together with their radomes are situated on the summit.
Raising 1,452 m above sea level, it is the second highest summit in the Bavarian Forest after the Großer Arber. It has a rocky summit and in winter, the mountain can often only be climbed with touring skis or snowshoes because of the metre-high snow.
A complex of royal buildings on Herreninsel, the largest island in the Chiemsee lake. The island, formerly the site of an Augustinian monastery, was purchased by King Ludwig II of Bavaria in 1873. The king converted the premises into a residence, known as the Old Palace (Altes Schloss). From 1878 onwards, he had the New Herrenchiemsee Palace (Neues Schloss) erected, based on the model of Palace of Versailles. It was the largest, but also the last of his building projects, and remained incomplete
The childhood residence of King Ludwig II of Bavaria, built by his father King Maximilian II of Bavaria. It is located in the German village of Hohenschwangau. Hohenschwangau was the official summer and hunting residence of Maximilian, his wife Marie of Prussia, and their two sons Ludwig (the later King Ludwig II of Bavaria) and Otto (the later King Otto I of Bavaria).
A group of medieval fortified buildings on a sandstone ridge dominating the historical center of Nuremberg. The castle, together with the city walls, is considered to be one of Europe's most formidable medieval fortifications. It represented the power and importance of the Holy Roman Empire and the role of the Imperial City of Nuremberg.
Opened in 2002, it is 43.5 hectares (107 acres) in area, and it is one of the four most popular theme parks in Germany. The Miniland- one of the attractions in the park contains Lego reproductions of various German cities and rural landscapes.
The former royal palace of the Wittelsbach monarchs of Bavaria. It is the largest city palace in Germany and is open to visitors for its architecture, room decorations, and displays from the former royal collections. The complex of buildings contains ten courtyards and displays 130 rooms.
Six Nazi party rallies were held there between 1933 and 1938 with up to 150,000 people attending the ralies. After 1945 the city of Nuremberg redesigned the area into a park. All buildings from the NS era were demolished. Only the half-round of the terraces of the main grandstand is recognizable.
19th-century Romanesque Revival palace on a rugged hill above the village of Hohenschwangau. The palace was commissioned by Ludwig II, King of Bavaria as a retreat and in honor of the German composer Richard Wagner. The castle was intended as a home for the king until he died in 1886. It was open to the public shortly after his death. The Castle consists of several individual structures that were erected over a length of 150 meters on top of a cliff ridge. The elongate building is furnished with
Combined with the adjacent Nymphenburg Palace Park, it constitutes one of the premier royal palaces of Europe. Its frontal width of 632 m (2,073 ft) (north-south axis) even surpasses Versailles Palace in France. It served as the main summer residence for the former rulers of Bavaria of the House of Wittelsbach. Nymphenburg is open to the public but also continues to be a home and chancery for the head of the House of Wittelsbach.
A 12th-century bridge across the Danube linking the Old Town with Stadtamhof. For more than 800 years, until the 1930s, it was the city's only bridge across the river. The bridge has historically caused problems for traffic on the Danube. It causes strong currents which required upstream shipping with insufficient power to be towed past it until 1916.
Located in the Olympic Park, Munich, it has an overall height of 291 m (955 ft) and a weight of 52,500 tons. At a height of 190 m (620 ft) there is an observation platform as well as a small rock and roll museum housing various memorabilia. At a height of 182 m (597 ft) there is a revolving restaurant, which seats 230 people.
A medieval church of the former free imperial city of Nuremberg, one of the most prominent churches of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria. The building and furnishing of the church was cared of by the city council and by wealthy citizens. The west facade, dominated by the two towers is richly articulated, reflecting the wealth of the Nuremberg citizens.
Consecrated in 1597, it is the largest Renaissance church north of the Alps. The style of the building had an enormous influence on Southern German early Baroque architecture. The crypt contains among others the tombs of many members of the Wittelsbach dynasty.
A Roman Catholic parish church in the inner city of Munich. Its 91-meter (299 ft) tower is commonly known as "Alter Peter" (Old Pete) and is emblematic of Munich. It is the oldest recorded parish church in Munich and presumably the originating point for the whole city.
A Third Reich-era building erected atop the summit of the Kehlstein, a rocky outcrop that rises above the Obersalzberg mountainside retreat near the town of Berchtesgaden. It was used exclusively by members of the Nazi Party for government and social meetings. It was visited on 14 documented instances by Adolf Hitler, who disliked the location due to his fear of heights, the risk of bad weather, and the thin mountain air.
A 40 hectare (99 acres) zoological garden in Munich, situated on the right bank of the river Isar. A high ratio of enclosures are cageless, relying upon moat features to keep the animals in place. The zoo was the first zoo in the world not organized by species, but also by geographical aspects. The zoo focuses on conservation and captive breeding rare species such as the rare drill and silvery gibbons. Also, gorillas, giraffes, elephants, wood bison, elk, and Arctic foxes were successfully bred
Northernmost massif of the Berchtesgaden Alps, a prominent spur straddling the border between Berchtesgaden, Germany and Salzburg, Austria. The highest peak of the table-top mountain is the Berchtesgaden Hochthron at 1,973 metres (6,473 ft). The massif is mainly made up of limestone. Within it, the Upper Cretaceous Gosau Group is the source of a pale cream, rose to gray yellow, massive and very dense limestone known as the Untersberg Marble. This building stone forms the facade of notable build
A daily food market and a square in the center of Munich. It is a popular market for gourmets with an area covering 22,000 m2 (240,000 sq ft), 140 stalls and shops offer flowers, exotic fruit, game, poultry, spices, cheese, fish, juices and so on.
Hall of fame that honours laudable and distinguished people in German history – "politicians, sovereigns, scientists and artists of the German tongue". The hall is a neo-classical building above the Danube River and displays some 65 plaques and 130 busts covering 2,000 years of history, beginning with Arminius, victor at the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in AD 9.
Third highest mountain in Germany, and the highest located entirely on German territory. Three main peaks aits on a N-S axis along a ridge on the mountain's western half: Hocheck (2,651 m), Mittelspitze (Middle Peak, 2,713 m) and Südspitze (South Peak, 2,712 m). The Watzmann massif also includes the 2,307 m Watzmannfrau (Watzmann Wife, also known as Kleiner Watzmann or Small Watzmann), and the Watzmannkinder (Watzmann Children)- five lower peaks in the recess between the main peaks and the Watzm
A Benedictine monastery situated on a peninsula in the River Danube. According to tradition, the abbey was founded in 617 and is believed to be the oldest monastery in Bavaria. Weltenburg Abbey brewery operated in the monastery is one of the oldest monastic brewery in the world, having been in operation since 1050.
Commissioned by the Prince-Bishop of Würzburg- Johann Philipp Franz von Schönborn and his brother Friedrich Carl von Schönborn in 1720, and completed in 1744. Interiors of the residence is considered masterworks of Baroque/Rococo architecture and art include the grand staircase, the chapel, and the Imperial Hall. Since 1981, the Residence has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Map of attractions in Bavaria