Top 21 attractions to explore in Central Java
The province has been inhabited by humans since the prehistoric-era. Remains of a "Homo erectus", known as "Java Man", were found along the banks of the Bengawan Solo River, and date back to 1.7 million years ago.
Borobudur Temple is the world's largest Buddhist temple located in central Java, Indonesia. The monument is a marvel of design, decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. This temple Built in the 9th century during the reign of the Sailendra Dynasty. The monument was restored with UNESCO's help in the 1970s.
Gedong Songo was erected out of volcanic stone and the two complexes represent the oldest Hindu structures in Java. The temples of Gedong Songo reflect a similar architectural structure to those on the Dieng Plateau, though they have less variation in form than them. Gedong Songo displays more emphasis on plinth and cornice moldings.
Dieng Plateau is a marshy plateau that forms the floor of a caldera complex on the Dieng Volcanic Complex in Central Java, Indonesia. The Plateau is the location of eight small Hindu temples from the Kalinga Kingdom. It was built in the period of the mid 7th century to the end of 8th century AD; they are the oldest known standing stone structures in Java.
The Great Mosque of Central Java is a mosque in the city of Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. The architectural style of the mosque is believed as a mix of Javanese and Greece styles. Also, the mosque has a unique giant hydraulic umbrella that can open and close automatically.
Grojongan Sewu is a waterfall located in Karanganyar Region, Central Java province, Indonesia. The name of the location is Tawangmangu which is actually in the slope of Mount Lawu and as a part of the Grojogan Sewu National Park. The name of Grojogan Sewu waterfall itself has been taken from the Javanese words that mean the thousand of waterfalls.
Kura-Kura Ocean Park features a unique construction that applies a giant turtle shape. This building consists of 2 floors, with the first floor as a marine park with an aquarium containing various species of fish and turtles. While the second floor consists of Jepara Science Park.
Lawang Sewu was built by the Dutch between the years 1904 and 1907 and functioned as the head office for The Dutch East Indies Railway Company until 1942. The colonial-era building is famous as a haunted house and filming location, though the Semarang city government has attempted to rebrand it.
Located a little over 3 km from Borobudur, it is home to an exquisitely carved 3-meter high statue of Buddha. Mendut Buddhist temple Built around early ninth century AD, Mendut is the oldest of the three temples including Pawon and Borobudur. The Karangtengah inscription, the temple was built and finished during the reign of King Indra of the Sailendra dynasty.
Mount Lawu, or Gunung Lawu, is a massive compound stratovolcano straddling the border between East Java and Central Java, Indonesia. The only reported activity of Lawu took place in 1885 when rumblings and light volcanic ash falls were reported.
Mount Merbabu is a dormant stratovolcano in Central Java province. Merbabu can be climbed from several routes originating from the town of Kopeng on the northeast side, and also from Selo on the southern side. A climb from Kopeng to Kenting Songo takes between 8 and 10 hours. An area of 57 km² at the mountain has been declared a national park in 2004.
Mount Slamet or Gunung Slamet is an active stratovolcano in the Purbalingga Regency of Central Java, Indonesia. Historical eruptions have been recorded since the eighteenth century. The volcano erupted in 2009 and again in September 2014. Many climbers were expected to visit to peak on New Year's Eve 2012 to celebrate the new year.
Plaosan temple was built in the mid 9th century by Sri Kahulunnan or Pramodhawardhani, the daughter of Samaratungga, descendant of Sailendra Dynasty. The temple is an ancient building compound comprising of two building complexes, Plaosan Lor Temple complex and Plaosan Kidul Temple complex.
Sewu temple is the second largest Buddhist temple complex in Indonesia located 800 metres north of Prambanan in Central Java, Indonesia. There are 249 buildings in the complex are arranged in a Mandala pattern around the main central hall. This configuration expresses the Mahayana Buddhist view of the universe.
Sukuh Temple is one of several temples built on the northwest slopes of Mount Lawu in the 15th century. Sukuh temple has a distinctive thematic relief from other Javanese-Hindu temple where life before birth and sexual education are its main theme. Its main monument is a simple pyramid structure with reliefs and statues in front of it, including three tortoises with flattened shells.
Map of attractions in Central Java