13 Old Ruins to explore in Bihar
Bihar is an Indian state considered to be a part of eastern as well as northern India. It is the twelfth-largest Indian state, with an area of 94,163 km2, The third-largest state by population.
Agam Kuan is an ancient well and archaeological site in Patna, India. It is said to date back to the period of Mauryan emperor, Ashoka. Circular in shape, the well is lined with brick in the upper 13 metres and contains wooden rings in the remaining 19 metres.
Ajatshatru Fort located in Rajgir was built by king Ajatshatru during his rule over the Magadha empire around 2500 years ago in 6th century BC. He was contemporary to Lord Buddha. It was built in a rectangular-shaped with four corners and each corner is covered with stone tower & walls is about 60 Meter long & 2 Meter broad square. Ajatshatru fort is regarded as one of the most ancient forts in India.
Lauria Nandangarh, also Lauriya Navandgarh, is a city or town about 14 km from Narkatiaganj and 28 km from Bettiah in West Champaran district of Bihar state in northern India. It is situated near the banks of the Burhi Gandak River. The village draws its name from a pillar of Ashoka standing there and the stupa mound Nandangarh about 2 km south-west of the pillar. Lauriya Nandangarh is a historical site located in West Champaran district of Bihar. Remains of Mauryan period have been found here.
The Laur Pillar is located in the village of Lauriya Areraj in the East Champaran district of Bihar. It is situated at a distance of 16 km from the west of Motihari-Pratapur main road. The Pillar was constructed by the Mauryan Emperor, Ashoka in 249 BC.
Considered to be the tallest and biggest Buddhist Stupa in the world, Kesaria Stupa was built by the great ruler Ashoka. This is the place where Buddha in his last days donated his begging bowl. The structure serves as a brilliant example of Buddhist architecture and is adorned with a large number of Buddhist statues.
The Rampurva capitals are the capitals of a pair of Ashoka Pillars discovered in c. 1876 by A.C.L. Carlleyle. The archaeological site is called Rampurva, and is located in the West Champaran district of the Indian state of Bihar, situated very close to the border with Nepal. The two capitals are in the Indian Museum in Kolkota.
Rohtasgarh Fort is one of the ancient forts of India which was constructed in the city of Rohtas situated on the banks of Sone river. The fort has been ruined and now cannot be accessed easily due to Naxalite activities. The hill on which the fort is situated has a height of 1500m. Tourists have to climb the stairs to reach the gate of the fort which is very exhausting.
Founded in the 5th century AD, Nalanda, in Bihar, is one of the world’s oldest living cities. It is widely recognized as one of the ancient world’s great universities and an important Buddhist centre of academic excellence. When Chinese scholar and traveler Xuan Zang visited sometime between 685 and 762 AD, about 10,000 monks and students lived here, studying theology, astronomy, metaphysics, medicine, and philosophy. Nalanda flourished as an international university under the patronage of Emper
Sujata Stupa, also Sujata Kuti stupa or Sujata Garh, is a Buddhist stupa located in the village of Senanigrama slightly east of Bodh Gaya in the state of Bihar, India. It lies directly across the Phalgu River from the town of Bodh Gaya, where Gautama Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment. It is a walk of about 20 minutes, from Bodh Gaya to Sujata Stupa. It was initially built in the 2nd century BCE as confirmed by finds of Dark Grey polished wares and a punch-marked coin in the monastery
The Son Bhandar caves, also Sonebhandar, are two artificial caves belong to Jainism are located in Rajgir in the state of Bihar in India. The caves are generally dated to the 3rd or 4th century CE, based on the dedicatory inscription found in the largest cave which uses Gupta script of the 4th century CE, although some authors have suggested the caves could actually go back to the period of the Maurya empire from 319 to 180 BCE.
Ashok Pillar is the most popular sightseeing destination of Vaishali situated near a Buddhist monastery and a coronation tank, named Ramkund. It is also a Lion Pillar like the other Ashoka Pillars but the difference between this Ashoka Pillar and other Asoka pillars is that, this one has only one lion capital. This pillar was built by Emperor Ashoka at Kolhua out of a polished single piece of red sandstone, cut into a bell shaped capital of a height of 18.3 m.
Vikramsila was one of the two most important centres of learning in India during the Pala Empire, along with Nalanda. Its location is now the site of Antichak village, Bhagalpur district in Bihar. Vikramashila was established by the Pala emperor Dharmapala