11 Notable Architectures to explore in Assam
Assam is a state in northeastern India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys. Assam covers an area of 78,438 km2. The state is bordered by Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh to the north; Nagaland and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh to the south; and West Bengal to the west via the Siliguri Corridor, a 22 kilometres strip of land that connects the state to the rest of India
Basistha Temple, also known as Vasistha Temple, is located in Beltola, a town located in the outskirts of central Guwahati city, Assam. This temple was built in 1764 AD by Ahom King, Rajeswar Singha. This temple is located within the Basistha Ashram which showcases the history of the Vedic age. Bahini River, also known as Bharalu River and Basistha River flow through the ashram and the temple, it was named after Saint Basistha. There is a waterfall and a meditation cave nearby.
The Kachari kingdom was a powerful kingdom ruled by the Dimasa King. The Dimasa kachari kingdom and others that developed in the wake of the Kamarupa kingdom were led by chieftains of indigenous communities of Assam and are examples of indigenous state formations in Medieval Assam. Remnants of the Dimasa kingdom lingered until the advent of the British, and this kingdom gave its name to two districts in Assam: Cachar and North Cachar Hills.
The Golaghat Baptist Church established in December 1898, is one of the oldest and biggest Baptist Churches in Assam located in the city of Golaghat that had celebrated its Centenary Jubilee in the year 1999. The pioneering man behind the foundation of this church was Dr. O. L. Swanson, a missionary from America, who had come to Assam in 1893 along with his wife. Dr. Swanson was assisted by a number of local people to erect this church.
Kareng Ghar is one of the grandest examples of Ahom architecture. The palace structures were made of wood and stone. In 1751 Sunenphaa, son of Sukhrungphaa, constructed the brick wall of about 5 kilometres in length surrounding the Garhgaon Palace and the masonry gate leading to it. After the destruction of the old palace it was rebuilt around 1752 as the present seven-storied structure by Suremphaa.
Kolia Bhomora Setu is a pre-stressed concrete road bridge over the Brahmaputra River near Tezpur and Kaliabor in Assam, India. It is named after the Ahom General Kolia Bhomora Phukan. This bridge connects Sonitpur on the north bank with Nagaon District on the south bank. The length of this bridge is 3015 meters, and construction took place from 1981 to 1987. It was inaugurated by the then PM of India, Rajiv Gandhi.
The Namdang Stone Bridge is a historic bridge located a few kilometers away from Sibsagar town in Assam, India. It was constructed in 1703 by craftmen brought from Bengal during the reign of Ahom king Rudra Singha. The bridge is 60 m long, 6.5 m wide and 1.7 m high. It runs over the Namdang river, a tributary of the Dikhou river. The present National Highway 37 is passing over it. The unique characteristic of the bridge is that it was cut out from a single solid piece of rock .
Rang ghar is a two-storeyed building which once served as the royal sports-pavilion where Ahom kings and nobles were spectators at games like buffalo fights and other sports at Rupahi Pathar (pathar meaning "field" in Assamese) - particularly during the Rongali Bihu festival in the Ahom capital of Rangpur.
Saraighat Bridge is the first rail-cum-road bridge constructed over the Brahmaputra River in Assam. The bridge was built by the Northeast Frontier Railway, The construction started in 1958 and The bridge recently completed 50 years of its existence and a research study by a bunch of experts from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) suggest that the bridge is still good to go for a couple more years before it would need any kind of renovation.
Sri surya pahar is a significant but relatively unknown archaeological site in Assam. The site is a hilly terrain where several rock-cut Shivalingas, votive stupas and the deities of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain pantheon are scattered in an area of about one km. The site is centered on the hills . The popular belief is that 99999 Shiva Lingas were engraved here by Vyasa in order to build up a second Kashi and once it was one of the holiest pilgrimage sites in the region.
The Talatal Ghar or the Rangpur Palace is situated in the northern region of Assam and is one of the most impressive of Tai Ahom architecture. Not only does it stand as a worthy testament to the vibrant Assamese culture and its rich history, but it is also the largest of all Ahom monuments in the entire world. History buffs and architecture lovers should add Talatal Ghar to their go-to list.
Thengal Bhawan was built in 1880 by Raibahadur Siva Prasad Barooah. In 1929, he published a weekly Assamese newspaper. Later, he established his printing press and office at Thengal Bhawan and managed to publish a daily newspaper, Dainik Batori. Siva Prasad Barooah was the owner and Bagmibar Nilamani Phukan was the editor of this daily newspaper. This newspaper was published from such a place, Thengal Bhawan, where there was no post office.