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320 Old Ruins to explore in United Kingdom

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. It is the sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a very high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world. It was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries.

Abbey Pumping Station Museum
Abbey Pumping Station MuseumCorporation Rd, Leicester LE4 5PX, UK

Abbey Pumping Station is Leicester’s Industrial Museum, displaying Leicester’s very varied Industrial, Technological and Scientific heritage. Situated adjacent to the National Space Centre, the two attractions tell the story of over 200 years of science and technology from the early days of steam and industry to the space exploration of today. With four working steam-powered beam engines from its time as a sewage pumping station, it also houses exhibits for transport, public health, light and o

Affleck Castle
Affleck CastleForfar DD8 3TQ, UK

A fine exmaple of a late 15th century tower-house on the L-plan. It contains four storeys and a garret; the walls are of coursed rubble. The ashlar corbelled parapet and angle turrets are of 16th c date, as are the crow-stepped gables and chimney stacks. The castle was built on the lands of the Auchenlecks of that Ilk. In the early 18th century it belonged to a family of Reids, who forfeited the castle in 1746 because of their activities as Jacobites. It has not been occupied since 1760, when a

Aldbar Castle
Aldbar CastleBrechin DD9 6AQ, UK

Auldbar Castle, was a 16th-century tower house, located 2 miles southwest of Brechin, in Angus, Scotland. IT was owned by the Crammond family since the 13th century before it was sold to John Lyon, 8th Lord Glamis in 1575. His son Sir Thomas Lyon served as Treasurer of Scotland from 1585 to 1595, and built the castle in the later 16th century. The property was subsequently owned by the Sinclair family, and then the Young family

Alloa Tower
Alloa TowerAlloa Park, Alloa FK10 1PP, UK

One of the largest and finest towers of its type in Scotland, it was home to the distinguished Erskine family, Earls of Mar, from the later 14th century until 1800. By 1693 a mansion, kitchen tower, brew house and other buildings had been added. In 1702 John, 6th Earl of Mar, began to convert the tower into an elegant modern house and created an ambitious and extensive planned landscape around his home.

Antonine Wall
Antonine WallGlasgow G65 9LN, UK

The Antonine Wall, known to the Romans as Vallum Antonini, was a turf fortification on stone foundations, built by the Romans across what is now the Central Belt of Scotland, between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Clyde. Built some twenty years after Hadrian's Wall to the south, and intended to supersede it, while it was garrisoned it was the northernmost frontier barrier of the Roman Empire. It spanned approximately 63 kilometres and was about 3 metres high and 5 metres wide.

Arbroath Abbey
Arbroath AbbeyAbbey St, Arbroath DD11 1EG, UK

Arbroath Abbey, in the Scottish town of Arbroath, was founded in 1178 by King William the Lion for a group of Tironensian Benedictine monks from Kelso Abbey. It was consecrated in 1197 with a dedication to the deceased Saint Thomas Becket, whom the king had met at the English court. It was William's only personal foundation — he was buried before the high altar of the church in 1214. The Abbey is cared for by Historic Environment Scotland and is open to the public throughout the year. The distin

Ardestie Earth House
Ardestie Earth HouseDundee DD5 4HX, UK

Ardestie Earth Houseis an example of an earth house or souterrain, ancient underground structures common to the British Isles and Brittany. This is one of the largest and most complex examples of its kind in Scotland. It was accidentally discovered during ploughing in 1949. Subsequent excavations during the following two years also revealed about eight associated stone dwellings at ground level.

Ardgowan estate
Ardgowan estateArdgowan Rd, Wemyss Bay PA18, UK

Ardgowan House is a late 18th-century mansion, set in a stunning 10,000 acre coastal Estate on the Firth of Clyde near Inverkip, Scotland. Ardgowan is located in Inverclyde, in the former county of Renfrewshire. The Ardgowan estate has been held by the Stewart family since the early 15th century: towards the end of that century, their tower house Ardgowan Castle was built within the site of the previous Inverkip Castle.

Ardgowan House
Ardgowan HouseArdgowan House, Inverkip, Ardgowan, Greenock PA16 0DW, UK

Ardgowan House is a Grade 1 listed Palladian Country Mansion wedding venue located in Inverkip near Glasgow on the coast. It has been held by the Stewart family since the early 15th century: towards the end of that century, their tower house Ardgowan Castle was built within the site of the previous Inverkip Castle fortress. The present house was erected in 1797 and completed in 1801 from designs by Cairncross.

Ardstinchar Castle
Ardstinchar Castle1 Mains Rd, Girvan KA26 0NF, UK

A medieval castle ruin sitting high up on the hills above ballantrae which was built by clan kennedy that succumbed to the conflict over Crossmaguel Abbey in 1601. There is a good walk that passes the castle. The original castle was wedge-shaped and had three square towers connected by battlement walls. The gatehouse was on the north side, and the keep was in the southeast part of the courtyard with a long hall house alongside.

Ardvreck Castle
Ardvreck CastleLairg IV27 4HL, UK

Ardvreck Castle is a ruined castle dating from the 16th century which stands on a rocky promontory jutting out into lake Assynt in Sutherland, Scotland. The castle was built in about 1590, Ardvreck is famous as the place where Montrose- viceroy and captain general of Scotland was handed over in 1650 to the Covenanter forces by MacLeod, Laird of Assynt.

Arthur's Stone
Arthur's StoneArthur's Stone Ln, Dorstone, Hereford HR3 6AX, UK

Arthur's Stone is an atmospheric Neolithic burial chamber made of great stone slabs, set in the hills above Herefordshire's Golden Valley. It is over 5,000 years old. Today only the large stones of the inner chamber remain, though these were once covered by a long earthen mound.

Arundel Castle
Arundel CastleArundel BN18 9AB, UK

Arundel Castle is a restored and remodeled medieval castle in Arundel, West Sussex, England. It was established by Roger de Montgomery on Christmas Day 1067. Roger became the first to hold the earldom of Arundel by the graces of William the Conqueror. The castle was damaged in the English Civil War and then restored in the 18th and 19th centuries by Charles Howard the 11th Duke of Norfolk. It was one of the iconic attractions in this area and also attracts a lot of tourists here.

Auchans Castle
Auchans CastleDundonald, Kilmarnock KA2 9DW, UK

A large impressive mansion and Category A listed, T-plan building of a late 16th-century date converted to the L-plan during the early-to-mid-17th century; its ruins stand about 1 km W of Dundonald, South Ayrshire, Scotland. Parish of Dundonald. It was held at various times by the Wallace, Cochrane and Montgomerie families.

Auchencloigh Castle
Auchencloigh CastleUnnamed Road, Cumnock, Ochiltree, Cumnock KA18 2RQ, UK

Auchincloigh Castle is a ruined fortification near the Burnton Burn, lying within the feudal lands of the Craufurd Clan, situated in the Parish of Ochiltree, East Ayrshire, Scotland. The monument consists of the remains of a medieval tower house situated 100m E of Auchencloigh Farm.The fragmentary remains consist of several massive sections of lime- bonded whinstone rubble walling. The building appears to have been rectangular and of considerable strength

Auchindoun Castle
Auchindoun CastleKeith AB55 4DR, UK

Auchindoun Castle is a 15th-century L-Plan tower castle located in Auchindoun near Dufftown in Banffshire, Scotland. It stands in a superb defensive location at a height of nearly 1,000ft just over two miles south east of Dufftown. Immediately to the south and east the ground falls away steeply into the valley of the River Fiddich, and the location offers control over one of the main routes south from Speyside into Aberdeenshire, today followed by the A941.

Auchinleck Castle
Auchinleck CastleCumnock KA5 5JT, UK

Auchinleck Castle was a castle built on a rocky promontory on the eastern bank of the Lugar Water, East Ayrshire. The remains of the castle are designated a scheduled ancient monument.

Auchinleck House
Auchinleck HouseAuchinleck House Estate, Ochiltree, Auchinleck House, Cumnock KA18 2LR, UK

A finest example of an eighteenth century country villa to survive in Scotland. Once diarist James Boswell’s family seat, this grand 18th-century country house has its own grounds, river, ice-house and grotto. The large dining room and its elaborate plasterwork makes any meal special while the library lends itself to conversation and contemplation, just as it did for James Boswell and Dr Johnson.

Auld Kirk Of Ayr
Auld Kirk Of AyrBlackfriars Walk, Ayr KA7 1TT, UK

The Alloway Auld Kirk, which dates back to the 16th Century, is a ruin in Alloway, South Ayrshire, Scotland, celebrated as the scene of the witches' dance in the poem "Tam o' Shanter" by Robert Burns. William Burnes, father of the poet, is buried in the graveyard together with his wife Agnes and daughter Isabella as well as two of his nieces.

Auldhame Castle.
Auldhame Castle.Auldhame, North Berwick EH39 5PP, UK

Auldhame is a ruinous 16th-century L-plan tower house. It consisted of a main block of three storeys and a projecting stair-tower and had bartizans crowning the main block. The courtyard side is mostly ruined, but the beach side is more complete. Today it stands empty and ruined and can be visited although visitors should take care of masonry.

Map of Old Ruins to explore in United Kingdom