3 1 Day Treks to explore in Lucerne
The oldest traces of humans in the Lucerne area are stone artifacts and cave bear bones found in the Steigelfadbalm cave on Mt. Rigi from the Middle Paleolithic or about 30,000 BC. Other animal bones including mammoth, reindeer and giant deer from the local glacial maximum have also been found in Lucerne.
Brienzer Rothorn offers breathtaking views of the Alps and features one of the more remarkable ways to go up or down a mountain - a steam-driven rack and pinion train that is still much as it was in 1891 when the railroad was built. Brienzer Rothorn is actually accessible from two sides, so you can easily make it roundtrip from Lucerne.
The Rigi is a mountainous area near Lucerne, between Küssnacht, am Rigi, Goldau, and Gersau. It's a typical Swiss green landscape with meadows, forests, and grazing cows. Since 1871, it is well connected by cogwheel train. Rigi Kulm is the highest point and offers great views of Lake Lucerne, the Alps in the south and the plains in the north, all the way to Germany. Also, there is a restaurant.