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44 Monuments to explore in Germany

Germany

Country with the largest population in Europe. Stretches from the North and the Baltic Sea in the north to the Alps in the south. It is traversed by some of Europe's major rivers such as the Rhine, Danube and Elbe.

Memorial and Museum Sachsenhausen
Memorial and Museum SachsenhausenStr. der Nationen 22, 16515 Oranienburg, Germany

Nazi concentration camp used primarily for political prisoners from 1936 to the end of the Third Reich in May 1945. The walled compound of the camp consists of prisoner barracks, morgue, gas chambers, execution trenches, crematory ovens, guardhouses, etc.. that were fully operational. A very informative memorial showing the dark side of the humans.

Messel Pit Fossil Site
Messel Pit Fossil SiteRoßdörfer Str. 108, 64409 Messel, Germany

The Messel Pit is a disused quarry near Messel's village about 35 km south-east of Frankfurt. Because of its abundance of fossils, it has significant geological and scientific importance. It is is declared as a UNESCO World Heritage site on Dec 9, 1995, making the area a tourist site and famous attraction. The Messel Pit provides the best preserved evidence of Geiseltalian flora and fauna so far discovered. Most other sites are lucky to contain partial skeletons, but Messel boasts extensive pres

Monument to the Battle of the Nations
Monument to the Battle of the NationsStr. des 18. Oktober 100, 04299 Leipzig, Germany

A monument to the battle of Leipzig, constructed in 1913. It is the largest war monument in Europe with a height of 91 meters, the monument has an observation platform that offers nice views of the city, and a museum about the Leipzig battle.

Nauener Tor
Nauener TorFriedrich-Ebert-Straße 32, 14469 Potsdam, Germany

Nauener Gate or Nauener Tor is one of three preserved gates built in 1755 in Potsdam, Germany. It is the first example of the influence of English Gothic Revival architecture in Continental Europe. The first Nauener Tor was built around 1720 about 400 metres away from the current site. The second gate was built in 1733 at the current site. In 1755 the gate was rebuilt in its current form. Today the three gates are connected by a promenade.

Naval Memorial
Naval MemorialStrandstraße 92, 24235 Laboe, Germany

The Laboe Naval Memorial is the sweeping brick monolith that is dedicated to those fallen in the battles of World War I and II, but also on the grounds is one of only four remaining U-boats in the world which Germany bought back for the sweet price of a single Deutsche Mark. The monument consists of a 72-meter-high tower topped by an observation deck.

Nerobergbahn
NerobergbahnWilhelminenstraße 51, 65193 Wiesbaden, Germany

This funicular railway in Wiesbaden links the city with the Neroberg hill, where visitors can view the town 360-degree. The line was started in 1888, and it work using water propulsion.

Neue Wache
Neue WacheUnter den Linden 4, 10117 Berlin, Germany

A memorial for the victims of war and dictatorship. The sculpture in the memorial is an enlarged version of Käthe Kollwitz's "Mother with her Dead Son". The sculpture is directly placed under the oculus, and so is exposed to the rain, snow, and cold of the Berlin climate, symbolizing the suffering of civilians during World War II.

Niederwald Monument
Niederwald Monument65385 Rüdesheim am Rhein, Germany

This monument is located in the Niederwald, Hesse, and was built between 1871 and 1883 to honor the Unification of Germany. The monument overlooks the Rhine Valley and the town of Bingen on the far side.

Old Stone Bridge
Old Stone Bridge93059 Regensburg, Germany

A 12th-century bridge across the Danube linking the Old Town with Stadtamhof. For more than 800 years, until the 1930s, it was the city's only bridge across the river. The bridge has historically caused problems for traffic on the Danube. It causes strong currents which required upstream shipping with insufficient power to be towed past it until 1916.

Pergamon Museum
Pergamon MuseumBodestraße 1-3, 10178 Berlin, Germany

One of the most visited art museums in Germany housing large monumental buildings such as the Pergamon Altar, Ishtar Gate of Babylon, the Market Gate of Miletus etc..

Porta Nigra
Porta NigraPorta-Nigra-Platz, 54290 Trier, Germany

The Porta Nigra is a large Roman city gate in Trier, Germany. It is today the largest Roman city gate north of the Alps. It was built in grey sandstone after 170 AD. The original gate consisted of two four-storeyed towers, projecting as near semicircles on the outer side. For unknown reasons, the construction of the gate remained unfinished. In Roman times, the Porta Nigra was part of a system of four city gates, one of which stood at each side of the roughly rectangular Roman city.

Reichstag Building
Reichstag BuildingPlatz der Republik 1, 11011 Berlin, Germany

The meeting place of the German parliament. It was opened in 1894 and housed the parliment of German Empire until 1933, when it was severely damaged after being set on fire. The ruined building was partially refurbished in the 1960s, but a full restoration was made after German reunification on 3 October 1990. the restoration was completed in 1999.

Römer
RömerRömerberg, 60311 Frankfurt am Main, Germany

This medieval building is located in Altstadt district in Frankfurt, Germany. It is one of the most important landmarks in the city. The Römer has been Frankfurt's city hall for over 600 years.

Schauinsland
SchauinslandSchauinsland, 79254 Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany

Mountain in the Black Forest with an elevation of 1,284 m (4,213 ft) above sea level. Due to the high amount of silver mining, it was previously known as "Erzkasten" meaning "ore box". A part of an old ore mine here has been transformed into a museum. Visitors are shown a wide range of medieval tunnels and shafts from the final stages of when the mine was in operation.

Schifferhaus
SchifferhausStavendamm 15, 28195 Bremen, Germany

The Schifferhaus in Bremen is a well-known monument and got its name from an owner who felt particularly connected to shipping and opened a grocery store on the ground floor around 1920 . It is located in the Bremen-Mitte district of Schnoor in the Altstadt district. The house has been a listed building since 1973. It is usually open to the public on Open Monument Day.

Schulschiff Deutschland
Schulschiff DeutschlandZum Alten Speicher 15, 28759 Bremen, Germany

Schulschiff Deutschland is a former sailing training ship of the German merchant shipping. The last German full ship , a three-master, is now a maritime cultural monument all year round in Bremen - Vegesack. The ship carries 25 sails with a total sail area of 1950 square meters. The top speed on engine is 12 knots, and on sail 18.2 knots.

St. Nicholas Church
St. Nicholas ChurchNikolaikirchhof 3, 04109 Leipzig, Germany

St. Nicholas Church is one of the largest churches in Saxony, located in Leipzig, Germany. The church was originally built in a Romanesque style, then it transformed into a Gothic hall church. The church is famed as a starting point of Monday Demonstrations ,a peaceful revolution aimed at reunifying Germany.

St. Peter's Church Munich
St. Peter's Church MunichRindermarkt 1, 80331 München, Germany

A Roman Catholic parish church in the inner city of Munich. Its 91-meter (299 ft) tower is commonly known as "Alter Peter" (Old Pete) and is emblematic of Munich. It is the oldest recorded parish church in Munich and presumably the originating point for the whole city.

Trier Amphitheater
Trier AmphitheaterOlewiger Str. 25, 54295 Trier, Germany

A Roman amphitheater used for gladiator events and animal shows. The theatre was constructed in the 2nd centuary A.D and could accomodate about 20,000 people. The cellar underneath the amphitheater was used to store animals and prisoners waiting to be executed.

Victory Column
Victory ColumnGroßer Stern, 10557 Berlin, Germany

Designed after 1864 to commemorate the Prussian victory in the Danish-Prussian War. When it was inaugurated on 2 September 1873, Prussia had also defeated Austria and its German allies in the Austro-Prussian War (1866) and France in the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71), giving the statue a new purpose. These later victories inspired the addition of the bronze sculpture of Victoria, 8.3 metres (27 ft) high and weighing 35 tonnes.

Map of Monuments to explore in Germany