47 Monuments to explore in England
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Paleolithic period but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England's economy is one of the largest and most dynamic in the world, with an average GDP per capita of £28,100 or $36,000.
202 feet (62 m) in heigh, the monument commemorates the Great Fire of London. It stands at the junction of Monument Street and Fish Street Hill, 202 feet west of the spot in Pudding Lane where the Great Fire started on 2 September 1666.
Penshaw Monument is a memorial in the style of an ancient Greek temple on Penshaw Hill in the City of Sunderland. This grand monument was built in 1844 in memory of John George Lambton, the first Earl of Durham. Penshaw Monument is a local landmark, visible from up to 80 kilometres away. It appears on the crest of Sunderland A.F.C. and is viewed nationally as a symbol of the North East. It has been praised for the grandeur, simplicity and symbolic significance of its design, especially when se
The Pepperbox, also known as Eyre's Folly, is a folly tower that stands at the highest point on Pepperbox Hill, the peak of a chalk ridge about 5 miles southeast of the city of Salisbury, Wiltshire, England. Built in 1606 by Giles Eyre, the folly is a three-storey hexagonal tower constructed of brick, although the entrances and windows have since been blocked up. The building's original purpose is unknown, though theories include that it was built to provide Eyre with views of Longford Castle.
A small early Bronze Age stone circle traditionally believed to depict nine ladies turned to stone as a penalty for dancing on Sunday. It is part of a complex of prehistoric circles and standing stones on Stanton Moor. The Nine Ladies features a creation myth similar to those associated with many other stone circles. Local legend records how nine young maidens danced at the Sabbath to the tunes played by a lone fiddler. For their sin, they were turned to stone.
The Queen Eleanor Memorial Cross is a meThe Queen Eleanor Memorial Cross is a memorial to Eleanor of Castile erected in the forecourt of Charing Cross railway station, London, in 1864–1865. It is a fanciful reconstruction of the medieval Eleanor cross at Charing, one of several memorial crosses erected by Edward I of England in memory of his first wife. The Victorian monument was designed by Edward Middleton Barry, also the architect of the railway station, and includes multiple statues of Queen
The Red House Glass Cone lies in the heart of the Glass Quarter, Stourbridge, West Midlands. It was built at the end of the 18th century and used for the manufacture of glass until 1936. It was used by the Stuart Crystal firm till 1936, when the company moved to a new facility at Vine Street It is now one of only four left in the United Kingdom and is currently maintained as a museum by Dudley Council.
This is a large area of public open grass and woodlands, including Devon Pastures Local Nature Reserve. Queen’s Sconce Monument is one of the country's finest remaining earthworks from the English Civil War (1642-51). It is distinctively star-shaped when viewed from the air and is one of nine siege works remaining in a recognisable state in and around Newark.
Shakespeare's Birthplace is a rambling half-timbered house on Henley Street where, it is believed, playwright Wiliam Shakespeare was born and spent his childhood years. It was now home to a library, archive and museum collections which have been designated as world class. As well as caring for the largest collection of Shakespeare related material in the UK. It has been referred to as "a mecca for all lovers of literature".
Shakespeare's funerary monument is the earliest memorial to the playwright, located inside Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, UK, the same church in which he was baptised. The exact date of its construction is not known, but must have been between Shakespeare's death in 1616 and 1623, when it is mentioned in the First Folio of the playwright's works.
Shakespeare's Schoolroom and Guildhall is one of the newest visitor attractions in Stratford-upon-Avon, It was set in a complex of some of Stratford's oldest historic buildings. It was here that the playwright William Shakespeare attended school and here that he fell in love with poetry and drama. The guildhall was established as a meeting place for the Guild of the Holy Cross, a religious group of merchants in the town. It was sited adjacent to the 13th century guild chapel which was the place
The monument is 120ft high. It was built in 1865, in honor of Sir Tatton Sykes, 4th baronet, by "those who loved him as a friend and honored him as a landlord", as the inscription says. Here he is, on his horse, in a detail from the many carvings on the monument.
Stonehenge is perhaps the world’s most famous prehistoric monument. It was built in several stages: the first monument was an early henge monument, built about 5,000 years ago, and the unique stone circle was erected in the late Neolithic period about 2500 BC. The stones are set within earthworks in the middle of the densest complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred tumuli.
Stoodley Pike is a 402 m high elevation in the southern Pennines in the northern English county of West Yorkshire. The exposed hill carries the widely visible Stoodley Pike Monument, a 37 m high obelisk with a viewing platform. The foothills, which are not too conspicuous themselves, have become famous primarily for the striking monument on its northern tip. At first, it was just called Stoodley Pike, just like the hill; later the official name of the monument was changed to Stoodley Pike Monume
Bristol’s Temple Church Founded in the early 12th century to protect pilgrims in the Holy Land, the Templars were ‘warrior monks’, obeying religious vows of chastity and poverty whilst trained for war. It is on the site of a previous, round church of the Knights Templar, which they built on land granted to them in the second quarter of the 12th century by Robert of Gloucester. One of the iconic attractions in this area which attracts a lot of tourists.
This circular temple was built in 1765, by the architect Henry Flitcroft, to outdo William Chamber’s earlier Temple of the Sun at Kew. It is dedicated to Apollo, the sun god. Nestled on a hilltop, the temple has delightful views over the lake.
The Corpus Clock is one of the most distinctive public monuments in Cambridge and has been admired by residents and tourists since its inauguration in 2008. As a relatively new feature, it certainly stands out against the historic brickwork with its gold plated face, with many dubbing it as ‘the strangest clock in the world.’
The Longstone is a beautiful megalithic monument near the village of Mottistone. It consists of two pieces of local greensand sandstone probably from a vein 100 metres away. The larger stands at 3.9 metres and the smaller lies at its foot. It has now been shown that the stones are what remains of a 6,000-year-old Neolithic communal long barrow for burying the dead.
Tyndale's Monument was built in 1866 in memory of the writer, William Tyndale, thought to be born nearby. He was the first man to translate The Bible into English. The monument which is 111 feet high was completed in 1866 and officially opened on 6th of November of that year. The reward for climbing the 120 steps is a wonderful view of the Berkeley Vale and the river Severn to the Black Mountains.
Underfall Yard is a historic, working boatyard that welcomes visitors. There is an ever-changing landscape of boats to enjoy thanks to the skilled maritime businesses that call the yard home. Underfall Yard has been designated as a scheduled monument and from the 1970s onward many of the buildings at Underfall Yard have earned Grade II Listed Building status.
Wellington Monument was begun in 1817 to celebrate the Duke of Wellington, the victor of Waterloo. The Monument is famous as the tallest three-sided obelisk in the world, reaching 174 feet. An ambitious construction, it commemorates a modern yet classical hero. The story of its origins and shambolic construction repeats itself in its conservation and repair story up to the present day.