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Roman Nymphaeum Amman - 10 Things to Know Before Visiting

Al-Hashemi St., Amman, Jordan

Old Ruins

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About Roman Nymphaeum Amman

Roman Nymphaeum Amman is a partially preserved Roman public fountain believed to have contained a 600 square meters pool which was three meters deep. The nymphaeum was built in the 2nd century CE and it was continuously refilled with water.

Things to Do at Roman Nymphaeum Amman

Roman Nymphaeum Amman is the largest in the region of its kind. Even with its partially preserved state, it is larger than the public fountains in Jerash and Gadara.

Much of the Nymphaeum is hidden from public view by houses and shops around the structure. It is kind of nestled between the city's buildings. To access the structure, you will need a ticket to the roman theatre.

The theatre is not completely restored so you would be able to see only parts of it, and the visit will not take long.

History of Roman Nymphaeum Amman

The Roman Nymphaeum Amman was constructed in the 2nd century CE over caves with running water. It was an area of public gatherings and a sign of a city's wealth. It is located only a short distance from the Roman Theatre of Amman.

Amman was divided into two main parts by the Romans. The upper part consisted of the main Roman Temple of Hercules. The lower part followed a typical Roman city plan with two collonaded streets (Cardo and Decumanus) along the major two valleys of the city. The Nymphaeum was located close to the point where the Cardo intersects with the Decumanus.

The Amman Nymphaeum is a half-octagonal building of symmetrical design with a restored length of 68 m. The monumental structure used to be richly decorated with carvings, mosaics and statues.

The second floor of the Nymphaeum consisted of three large apses with two rows of niches designed to host statues. The height of the apses is around 12 m in front of which was a gallery with columns of the Corinthian order. The apses were terminated in semi-domes, which collapsed in one of the earthquakes of the 7th century AD. The lower part is the foundation built on barrel vaults.

Starting in 2015, the Nymphaeum underwent restoration for 3 years. It was then reopened in October 2018.

Best Time to Visit Roman Nymphaeum Amman

The Nymphaeum can be visited at any time of the year. Be aware that it lies in the heart of the city and near the Roman theatre which is extremely popular and crowded in the evenings, at weekends and on public holidays.

Tips for Visiting Roman Nymphaeum Amman

  1. You need the Roman Amphitheatre ticket in order to get into the place.
  2. The gate might be locked but knock on it. The attendant will come and open the door.

Interesting Facts and Trivias About Roman Nymphaeum Amman

  1. The nymphaeum was built in the 2nd century CE, during the same period as the nearby Roman theatre.
  2. The caves over which the nymphaeum was built were believed to be sacred to mythological nymphs. 
  3. Amman was known by ancient Greeks and Romans as Philadelphia.

How Much Time Did Visitors Spend at Roman Nymphaeum Amman

Roman Nymphaeum Amman can be visited easily in 30 minutes.

How to Reach Roman Nymphaeum Amman

Roman Nymphaeum Amman lies in the heart of the city. From most of the other major attractions in the city, like the Royal Theatre, it is at a walkable distance.

Entrance Fee of Roman Nymphaeum Amman

If you have a Royal Theatre ticket, you can enter Roman Nymphaeum without paying any entrance fee.

Opening Hours of Roman Nymphaeum Amman

Roman Nymphaeum is open from 8 AM to 3 PM daily except on Fridays when it is closed.

Attractions Near Roman Nymphaeum Amman

Roman Theatre
Roman Theatre0.34km from Roman Nymphaeum Amman

6,000 seat second-century Roman theatre. It dates back to the Roman period when the city was known as Philadelphia.

Amman Citadel
Amman Citadel0.43km from Roman Nymphaeum Amman

L-shaped hill with a long history of occupation by many great civilizations- Assyrians, Babylonians, the Ptolemies, the Seleucids, Romans, Byzantines, and the Umayyads. The hill became the capital of the Kingdom of Ammon sometime after 1200 BC. The major buildings at the site are the Temple of Hercules, a Byzantine church, and the Umayyad Palace.

The Jordan Museum
The Jordan Museum1.08km from Roman Nymphaeum Amman

Largest museum in Jordan hosting the country's most important archaeological findings. The museum presents artifacts from various prehistoric archaeological sites in Jordan, including the 7500 BC Ain Ghazal statues which are regarded as one of the oldest human statues ever made by human civilization.

Royal Tank Museum
Royal Tank Museum4.76km from Roman Nymphaeum Amman

20,000 sq. m of exhibition space divided into thirteen halls showcasing hundreds of light and heavy military items placed in their historic chronological order. It features around 110 tanks, many of which are historical and were used in Jordan's past wars and battles.

The Martyrs Museum
The Martyrs Museum4.89km from Roman Nymphaeum Amman

War museum showcasing a rare collection of Jordan's military weapons, clothing and vehicles. It also serves as a memorial to the martyrs who gave their lives in the service of Jordan as early as 1915, starting with the Great Arab Revolution which was led by King Hussein bin Ali.

The Royal Automobile Museum متحف السيارات الملكي

The museum showcases a rare collection of Jordan's vehicles ranging from Hussein bin Ali's cars that came to Amman in 1916 to modern sports cars.

Where is Roman Nymphaeum Amman

Discover More Attractions in Amman Governorate, Where Roman Nymphaeum Amman Is Located

Amman Governorate
Amman Governorate
10 attractions

The land covered by the Amman Governorate has been inhabited since the prehistoric age, ruins of civilizations as early as 7250 BC have been discovered in the area. Capital of Jordan- Amman is located in this province.