20 Attractions to Explore Near Ruins of Nalanda University
Founded in the 5th century AD, Nalanda, in Bihar, is one of the world’s oldest living cities. It is widely recognized as one of the ancient world’s great universities and an important Buddhist centre of academic excellence. When Chinese scholar and traveler Xuan Zang visited sometime between 685 and 762 AD, about 10,000 monks and students lived here, studying theology, astronomy, metaphysics, medicine, and philosophy. Nalanda flourished as an international university under the patronage of Emper
Founded in the year of 1971, Nalanda Archaeological Museum has excavations from Rajgir and Nalanda, an ancient university and a monastic complex. There are around 13463 antique items here, out of which 349 are displayed in the 4 main galleries. The archeological items that were found from Nalanda can be traced back between the 5th to 12th centuries AD. However, those brought from Rajgir are even older. Museum consists of sculptures and statues that are in stucco, stone, terracotta,etc.
One of the prime tourist attractions in Nalanda, Hiuen Tsang Memorial was constructed in the memory of Hiuen Tsang, a popular Chinese traveler. When the glory of Nalanda University was at its peak, Hieun Tsang had come to India in 633 AD to study Buddhism and mysticism. He came to India during the region of Gupta dynasty and stayed here for 12 years.
The Son Bhandar caves, also Sonebhandar, are two artificial caves belong to Jainism are located in Rajgir in the state of Bihar in India. The caves are generally dated to the 3rd or 4th century CE, based on the dedicatory inscription found in the largest cave which uses Gupta script of the 4th century CE, although some authors have suggested the caves could actually go back to the period of the Maurya empire from 319 to 180 BCE.
Ajatshatru Fort located in Rajgir was built by king Ajatshatru during his rule over the Magadha empire around 2500 years ago in 6th century BC. He was contemporary to Lord Buddha. It was built in a rectangular-shaped with four corners and each corner is covered with stone tower & walls is about 60 Meter long & 2 Meter broad square. Ajatshatru fort is regarded as one of the most ancient forts in India.
The Barabar Hill Caves are the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India, dating from the Maurya Empire, some with Ashokan inscriptions, located in the Makhdumpur region of Jehanabad district, Bihar, India, These caves are situated in the twin hills of Barabar.
The Kakolat waterfall is located in the Nalanda district in the Indian state of Bihar, on the border of Bihar and Jharkhand. It is about 49 meters high and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the area. It is situated on the Kakolat hill, the setting of the falls makes it a popular spot for picnics and nature walks.
Patan Devi, also called Maa Patneshwari, is the oldest and one of the most sacred temples of Patna. It is regarded as one of the 51 Siddha Shakti Pithas in India. According to Puranic legends, the 'right thigh' of the corpse of Devi Sati had fallen here when it was chopped off by Lord Vishnu with his 'Sudarshan Chakra'. The ancient temple, originally called Maa Sarvanand Kari Patneshwari, is believed to be the abode of the goddess Durga.
Takht Sri Patna Sahib also known as Harmandir Sahib, is a Gurdwara in the neighborhood of Patna Sahib, India. It was to commemorate the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs on December 1666. It was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the first Maharaja of the Sikh Empire, who also built many other Gurdwaras in the Indian subcontinent. The current shrine of Patna Sahib or Takht Sri Harmandirji Sahib was built in the 1950s.
Agam Kuan is an ancient well and archaeological site in Patna, India. It is said to date back to the period of Mauryan emperor, Ashoka. Circular in shape, the well is lined with brick in the upper 13 metres and contains wooden rings in the remaining 19 metres.
Kumhrar Park is a history lover’s den and bears immense significance in the evolution of Patna. It is the living example of the cultural brilliance of ancient Patna or Pataliputra. Located five kilometers away from the main city, this place offers an interesting and enriching insight into the rich history of the great Mauryan civilization. Kumhrar cradles the archeological remains of the Mauryan period in the form of a palace that includes a hypostyle eighty pillared hall.
Mahatma Gandhi Setu is a bridge over the river Ganges in Bihar, India, connecting Patna in the south to Hajipur in the north. Its length is 5,750 metres and it is the third-longest river bridge in India. It was inaugurated in May 1982 in a ceremony in Hajipur by the then prime minister, Indira Gandhi.
Gaighat is a neighborhood of Patna in the eastern state of Bihar in India. It is located on the southern bank of river Ganges in Patna. The southern flank of Mahatma Gandhi Setu bridge connecting Patna and Hajipur rises from Gaighat in Patna. One end of Pontoon Bridge connecting Patna and Hajipur over the river Ganges is also located in the area. Gaighat is part of the wider Alamganj area in Patna.
Vishnupada Mandir is an ancient temple in Gaya, India. It is a Hindu temple, dedicated to Lord Vishnu. This temple is located along the Falgu River, marked by a footprint of Lord Vishnu known as Dharmasila, incised into a block of basalt. Atop the structure is a 50-kilo gold flag, donated by a devotee, Gayapal Panda Bal Govind Sen.
Mahavir Mandir is one of the holiest Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Hanuman, located in Patna, Bihar, India. Millions of pilgrims visit the temple every year. Acharya Kishore Kunal is the secretary of the Mahavir Mandir Temple Trust, Patna. The Mahavir Mandir Trusts have the second-highest budget in North India after the famous Maa Vaishno Devi shrine.
Buddha Smriti Park also known as Buddha Memorial Park is an urban park located on Frazer Road near Patna Junction in Patna, India. This park has been developed by the Bihar Government to commemorate the 2554th birth anniversary of the Buddha. This park was inaugurated by the 14th Dalai Lama.
Gandhi Maidan is a historic ground in Patna, near the banks of the Ganges River, in Bihar, India. The Golghar falls to its west. During the period of 1824–1833, under British rule, it was used as a golf course and horse racing track and was called Patna Lawns. It is spread across 60 acres of land.
Indira Gandhi Planetarium is located in Patna's Indira Gandhi Science Complex. The planetarium was constructed through Bihar Council on Science & Technology at a total cost of about ₹11 Crores. It was conceptualized in 1989 by Bihar Chief Minister Shri Satyendra Narain Sinha with construction commencing in the same year and opened for the public from 1 April 1993. It is named after senior Indian National Congress leader and former Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi.
Srikrishna Science Centre is a science museum in Patna, Bihar, India which was named after the first Chief Minister of Bihar, Sri Krishna Singh. It was inaugurated on 14 April 1978, by the Minister of Education, Shri Thakur Prasad Singh. Srikrishna Science Centre forms a unit of the National Council of Science Museums, an autonomous body under the Ministry of Culture, Government of India. It is located in the southwestern corner of the Gandhi Maidan.